Nature = Luoda>Luoma, Vuo = Ploosma, Rovo = Πλάττω>Πλάσμα, *rhówos>Ρόος

Space = Avaruus = Avaruus, Faruus = Αβαρούς (weightless), Φαρδύς (broad)

Sun = Aurinko = Auri(-on/-no) = Αύρη/Αύριον/Αυρινός (morning breeze/tomorrow/of morrow)
(also poetically: Φοίβος/Phoebus/Sun = Phaiva(s)/Phoivo(s), Phaive/Pheive/Phoive) = Päivä

Moon = *Kunge>Kuu = Kuukle = Κύκλε (circle/ring/sphere/cycle)
(also poetically: Φοίβη/Phoebe/Moon = Phaivi/Pheivi/Phoivi, Phaive/Pheive/Phoive)

Star = Tähti = Stari/Staeri/Steri = Αστέρι

Constellation = Tähdistö = Starismo = Αστερισμός

Planet = Planeetta = Planeete = Πλανήτης

Mercury = Merkurius = Ermees = Ερμής

Venus = Venus = Aphorediite = Αφροδίτη

Earth = Maa = Hama(a) = Χώμα (earth, soil, mud, dirt), Χαμάζε

Mars = Mars = Ares = Άρης

Jupiter = Jupiter = Dias = Δίας

Saturn = Saturnus = Kronos = Κρόνος

Uranus = Uranus = Uranoos/Υranos= Ουρανός

Neptune = Neptunus = Poseidaan/Poseidoon = Ποσειδώνας

Pluto = Pluto = Pluton = Πλούτωνας

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Air = Ilma = Alma/Alme/Aneme/Elme, etc. = Άνεμος/-ήνεμα

Wind/Gust/Breeze = Tuuli = Thuulli/Thuulle/Thuulla = Θύελλα

Breeze (lit. Breath, Attraction, A drawing up/from) =
Henki(ä) (breathe/exude/overflow) =
Henkhe, Helkisi/Helksi =
Εγχέω/Εκχέω (Pour in/out, stream forth), Έλκυση/Έλξη

Sky = Uros>Urho, Ukko (hero, Sky God) = Uro(s) = Ουρανός/ούρος (Sky God, guardian, fair wind)

Ocean/Sea = Allas (pool, basin), Suola (salt) = Als/Salasa/Sallassa = Άλς (salt, sea), Σάλασσα

River = Joki, Vuotaa (to leak) = Rjoki/Rjaki, Votaami = Ρυάκι, Ροή, Ποτάμι

Lake/Pond = Lampi = Lemmi (pl. Lemmes) = Λίμνη

Water = *wete>Vesi = Weti/Yete = Υετέ/Υετία (rain, compare ύδωρ “water/rain”)

Beach = Rantaviiva = Paraviiva/Rantaliia = Παραλία

Land = Hama/Hamaa

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Tree = *puwe>Puu = Puulu, Phu/Fy, Phute, etc. = Φυτή <*phut (Mycenaean pu-te)

Forest, Garden = Phutarja, Puulubuutara/Buutara, etc… =
Πουλυβότειρα (many-nourishing), Φυταλία/Φυταλιά/Φυτώρια (tree-garden, orchard, nursery, etc.)
(from Myc. pu-ta-ri-ja and pu-te-re “*planted/cultivated with trees”. See page 86)

In Finngreek, “Forest” and “Garden” are the same word on multiple levels, in the Finngreek spirit of Poikilia Poikitse: Variety Everywhere, with these words perhaps having the most variety anywhere in the language. “Treegarden” is a general translation for a forest and/or garden.

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Plant = Kasvi = Aksvi = Αύξη (a growth)

To plant/grow = Kasvaa = Aksvaa = Αυξάνω/Αύξω

Flower = Kukka = Kuklaamine, Kluklo/Klukla (pl. -da) = Κυκλάμινε, Λούλουδα

Field = Alue, Pelto = Aule/Auli, Pedjo = Αυλή, Πεδίο<Πέδον

Farm = Maatila = Hamaatile, Aksviauli = Τήλε

Hill/Moor/Pasture = Nummi = Nomii/Νommii (pl. Nomees) = Νομή

Hill/Highland = Ylämaa, Laki = Yvama/Yvahamaa, Loaaki = Ύψωμα, Λοφάκι

Valley = Lakso/Laakso = Lakos/Laakkos = Λάκος/Λάκκος (pit, reservoir, cistern, tomb, lowland)

Mountain = Vuori = Wori = Όρη

Mountain range = Worismo

Snow = Hó (Hung.), Χāβ (Tundra Nenets) = Hjo/Hjomi = Χιόνι/Χιών
(Finnish Lumi does not appear to have a Hellenic cognate, but may be from a *lewk- derivative:
Compare Proto-Germanic *leuhmô)

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Big = Iso = Iso(s)/Isoo/Istos = Μέγιστος/-ιστος (biggest), Ίσος/Ισόο (of equal [size/strength])

Small = Pikku = Miku/Mikkuu = Μικκός/Μικκού (Ionic, Doric)

Tall/High = Pitkä = Psikla(a) = Ψηλά

Short = Lyhyt = Lihu(s) = Λίγου/Ολίγους (little, small, slight)

Thick = Paksu = Paku(s) = Παχύς

Wide/Expansive = Laaja, Avara = Platja, Avara, Faraa/Varda, = Πλατέα, Άβαρα, Φαρδιά

Thin/Skinny/Lightweight = Laiha, Harva = Lahra/Alaihaa, Haraa/Harvajaa = Αλαφρά, Αραιά

Beautiful, Precious, Expensive, Luxurious =
Kallis, Κaunis = Kalli(i[s])/Kalwi(s), Kalwoni(s)/Kalunii(s) = Καλής/Κάλλιστος, Καλλονής

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Ploosma poljon kallii = Nature is very beautiful
Avaruusseon auri, kuukle, starisma ka planeetes =
In space, there is the sun, moon, constellations, and planets
Hamaa hremplaneeteon aurithae = Earth is the third planet from the sun
Hamaa aurithaehrenuplaneete = Earth is the third planet from the sun
Poseidaanuravi sinimenon = Neptune’s color is blue
Ravi nu Poseidoon sinimenon = The color of Neptune is blue

Almasethulladus urokatoon = The wind in the air is under the sky
Rjokiseyete thulla salasande lemmithae =
The water in the river comes to the sea from the lake

Kluklada aksvaa phutarjaemperikle = Flowers grow around the forest
Aksviaulehyveon hljonta = There is snow on the farm
Nommiion yvama ka lakos = The pasture is a highland and valley

Worismo isoo midi psiklaavaraa = The mountain range is big, because it’s tall and wide
Lihu, psikla, paku hja harvajaa voi na poljon kalis =
Short, tall, thick, and thin can be very beautiful

One thought on “Lesson 14: Nature / Ploosma

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