Nature = Luoda>Luoma, Vuo = Ploosma, Rovo, Phuee/Phwa = Πλάττω>Πλάσμα, *rhówos>Ρόος

Space = Avaruus = Avaruus, Pharuus = Αβαρούς (weightless), Φαρδύς (broad)

Sun = Aurinko = Auri(-on/-no) = Αύρη/Αύριον/Αυρινός (morning breeze/morrow/of morrow)
(also poetically: Phoebus/Sun = Päivä = Phaiva(s)/Phoivo(s) = Φοίβος

Moon = *Kunge>Kuu = Kuukle = Κύκλε (circle/ring/sphere/cycle)
(also poetically: Phoebe/Moon = Päivi = Pheivi/Phaivi/Phoivi) = Φοίβη

Star = Tähti = Stari/Staeri/Steri = Αστέρι

Constellation = Tähdistö = Starismo = Αστερισμός

Planet = Planeetta = Planeete = Πλανήτης

Mercury = Merkurius = Ermees = Ερμής

Venus = Venus = Aphorediite = Αφροδίτη

Earth = Я (Nenets); Maa = Ja/Je/Ji/Gaja/Aja; Hama(a) = Γα/Γη/Γαία/Αία Χώμα/Χαμάζε

Mars = Mars = Ares = Άρης

Jupiter = Jupiter = Dias = Δίας

Saturn = Saturnus = Kronos = Κρόνος

Uranus = Uranus = Uranoos/Υranos= Ουρανός

Neptune = Neptunus = Poseidaan/Poseidoon = Ποσειδώνας

Pluto = Pluto = Pluton = Πλούτωνας

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Air, Sky = *ājmō; Alme (Sami), Ilma = Aima; Anme/Inma = Άνεμε/Ήνεμος, -ήνεμα

Sky = Uros>Urho, Ukko (hero, Sky God) = Uro(s) = Ουρανός/ούρος (Sky God, guardian, fair wind)

Wind/Gust/Breeze = Tuuli = Thuulli/Thuulle/Thuulla = Θύελλα

Breeze, Breath =
Henki(ä) (breathe/exude/overflow) =
Henkhe, Helkisi/Helksi =
Εγχέω/Εκχέω (Pour in/out, stream forth), Έλκυση/Έλξη

Ocean/Sea = Allas (pool, basin), Suola (salt) = Als/Salasa/Sallassa = Άλς (salt, sea), Σάλασσα

River = Joki, Vuotaa (to leak) = Rjoki/Rjaki, Votaami = Ρυάκι, Ροή, Ποτάμι

Pond (scum) = Lampi = Lampi = Λάμπη

Lake, Place (in general) = *Towe = Tope = Τόπε<Τόπος

Water = *wete>Vesi = Weti/Yete = Υετέ/Υέτισις (rain, compare ύδωρ “water/rain”)

Beach = Rantaviiva = Paraviiva/Rantaliia = Παραλία

Ravine, Gorge = Rotko = Rakto(o[s]), Ra(a)dka = Ρακτός, Χαράδρα

Land = Hama/Hamaa

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Tree = Puu, *Pa (Samoyedic), Fa (Hungarian)<*puwe = Phuee/Phwa = Φυή/Φυά
This term also describes anything that grows well/beautifully in nature: Flowers, etc. It’s also a poetic term for Nature.

Forest, Garden = Πэдара (Nenets), Puutarha
Phutaraa =
Φυταριά (tree-garden, orchard, nursery, plantation, etc.)

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Plant = Kasvi = Aksvi = Αύξη (a growth)

To plant/grow = Kasvaa = Aksvaa = Αυξάνω/Αύξω

Flower = Kukka; Лукуз̌иай (Nganasan) = Kuklaamine; Lukluudzia = Κυκλάμινε, Λούλουδα

Field = Alue = Aule/Auli = Αυλή

Farm, Smell of a farm = Maatila = Hamatila = Χωματίλα

Hill/Moor/Pasture = Nummi = Nomii/Νommii (pl. Nomees) = Νομή

Hill/Highland = Ylämaa, Laki = Yvama/Yvahamaa, Loaaki = Ύψωμα, Λοφάκι

Valley = Lakso/Laakso = Lakos/Laakkos = Λάκος/Λάκκος (pit, reservoir, cistern, tomb, lowland)

Mountain = Vuori = Wori = Όρη

Mountain range = Worismo

Snow = Hó (Hung.), Χāβ (Tundra Nenets) = Hjo/Hjomi = Χιόνι/Χιών
(Finnish Lumi does not appear to have a Hellenic cognate, but may be from a *lewk- derivative:
Compare Proto-Germanic *leuhmô)

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Big = Iso = Iso(s)/Isoo/Istos = Μέγιστος/-ιστος (biggest), Ίσος/Ισόο (of equal [size/strength])

Small = Pikku = Miku/Mikkuu = Μικκός/Μικκού (Ionic, Doric)

Tall/High = Pitkä = Psikla(a) = Ψηλά

Short = Lyhyt = Lihu(s) = Λίγου/Ολίγους (little, small, slight)

Thick = Paksu = Paku(s) = Παχύς

Wide/Flat; Expansive = Lattea, Lata (Nenets); Avara = Platea/Platteea, Avara = Πλατέα, Άβαρα

Thin/Skinny/Lightweight = Harva = Haraa/Harvajaa = Αραιά

Beautiful, Precious, Expensive, Luxurious =
Kallis = Kalli(i[s]) = Καλής/Κάλλιστος

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Ploosma poljon kallii on = Nature is very beautiful
Avaruusseon aurion, kuukle, starisma ka planeetes =
In space, there is the sun, moon, constellations, and planets
Hamaa hremplaneete aurithe on = Earth is the third planet from the sun
Poseidaanuravi sinimenon = Neptune’s color is blue
Ravi nu Poseidoon sinimenon = The color of Neptune is blue

Anmesethuulle urokatoon = The wind in the air is under the sky
Rjokisewete thulla salasande lampithe =
The water in the river comes to the sea from the pond


Phuee vihree on kaa tope hamaraan = The tree is green, and the lake is dark
Kuklaamines aksvaa phutaraaemperi = Flowers grow around the forest
Hamatilase on hjomi = There is snow on the farm
Nommiion yvama ka laakkos = The pasture is a highland and valley

Worismo isoo midi psiklaavaraa = The mountain range is big, because it’s tall and wide
Lihu, psikla, paku hja harvajaa voi na poljon kalis =
Short, tall, thick, and thin can be very beautiful

One thought on “Lesson 14: Nature

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