Nature = Luoda>Luoma, Vuo = Ploosma, Rovo = Πλάττω>Πλάσμα, *rhówos>Ρόος/Ροή/Ροία
(There are more terms, but for now we will just learn these two. Rowo also means “Flow/Flux”.)

Space = Avaruus = Avaruus, Faruus/Varduus = Αβαρούς (weightless), Φαρδύς/Φάρδους (broad)

Sun = Aurinko = Auri = Αύρη/Αύριον (morning breeze/tomorrow)
(also poetically: Φοίβος/Phoebus/Sun = Phaiva(s)/Phoivo(s), Phaive/Pheive/Phoive)

Moon = *Kunge>Kuu = Kuukle = Κύκλε (circle/ring/sphere/cycle)
(also poetically: Φοίβη/Phoebe/Moon = Phaivi/Pheivi/Phoivi, Phaive/Pheive/Phoive)

Star = Tähti = Stari/Staeri/Steri = Αστέρι

Constellation = Tähdistö = Starismo = Αστερισμός

Planet = Planeetta = Planeete = Πλανήτης

Mercury = Merkurius = Ermees = Ερμής

Venus = Venus = Afrodiite = Αφροδίτη

Earth = Maa = Hama(a) = Χώμα (earth, soil, mud, dirt), Χαμάζε

Mars = Mars = Ares = Άρης

Jupiter = Jupiter = Dias = Δίας

Saturn = Saturnus = Kronos = Κρόνος

Uranus = Uranus = Uranoos= Ουρανός

Neptune = Neptunus = Poseidoon = Ποσειδώνας

Pluto = Pluto = Pluton = Πλούτωνας

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Air = Ilma = Alma, Inema = Άνεμος/-ήνεμα

Wind = Tuulahdus (breeze/gust) = Thulladus/Ladus = Θυελλώδους (stormy)

Breeze, Breath =
Henkiä/Henkää (breathe/exude/overflow) = Henkhe = Εγχέω/Εκχέω (Pour in/out, stream forth)
(Also: Enkhe/Henke/Enke, Henkhee, etc.)
I speculate on a relationship between PF *henki, PIE *h₂enh₁-ǵʰ-, and possibly εγχέω)

Sky = Uros>Urho, Ukko (hero, Sky God) = Uro(s) = Ουρανός/ούρος (Sky God, guardian, fair wind)

Ocean/Sea = Allas (pool, basin), Suola (salt) = Als/Sallas/Sallassa/Saalas/Saalassa = Άλς (salt, sea), Σάλασσα

River = Joki, Vuotaa (to leak) = Rjoki/Rjaki, Votaami = Ρυάκι, Ροή, Ποτάμι

Lake/Pond = Lampi = Lemmi (pl. Lemmes) = Λίμνη

Water = *wete>Vesi = Wete/Weti/Uete/Ueti = Υετέ/Υετία (rain, compare ύδωρ “water/rain”)

Beach = Rantaviiva = Paraviiva/Rantaliia = Παραλία

Land = Hama/Hamaa

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Tree = *puwe>Puu = Puulu, Phu/Fy, Phute, etc. = Φυτή <*phut (Mycenaean pu-te)

Forest, Garden = Puulubuutara/Buutara/Phutarja, etc… =
Πουλυβότειρα (many-nourishing), Φυταλία/Φυταλιά/Φυτώρια (tree-garden, orchard, nursery, etc.)
(from Myc. pu-ta-ri-ja and pu-te-re “*planted/cultivated with trees”. See page 86)

In Finngreek, “Forest” and “Garden” are the same word on multiple levels, in the Finngreek spirit of Poikilia Poikitse: Variety Everywhere, with these words perhaps having the most variety anywhere in the language. “Treegarden” is a general translation for a forest and/or garden.

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Plant = Kasvi = Aksvi = Αύξη (a growth)

To plant/grow = Kasvaa = Aksvaa = Αυξάνω/Αύξω

Flower = Kukka = Kluklo/Klukla (plural Klukloda/Kluklada) = Λούλουδα

Field = Alue, Pelto = Aule/Auli, Pedjo = Αυλή, Πεδίο<Πέδον

Farm = Maatila = Hamaatile, Aksviauli = Τήλε

Hill/Moor/Pasture = Nummi = Nomii (pl. Nomees) = Νομή

Hill/Highland = Ylämaa, Laki = Yvama/Yvahamaa, Lovaki = Ύψωμα, Λοφάκι

Valley = Lakso/Laakso = Lakos/Laakkos = Λάκος/Λάκκος (pit, reservoir, cistern, tomb, lowland)

Mountain = Vuori = Wori = Όρη (or Όρε<*worwos [Mycenaean wo-wo])

Mountain range = Worismo

Snow = Lumi/Lunta = Hljomi/Hljuni/Hljonta = Χιόνι/Τα χιόνια

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Big = Iso = Iso(s)/Isoo/Istos = Μέγιστος/-ιστος (biggest), Ίσος/Ισόο (of equal [size/strength])

Small = Pikku = Miku/Mikkuu = Μικκός/Μικκού (Ionic, Doric)

Tall/High = Pitkä = Psikla(a) = Ψηλά

Short = Lyhyt = Lihu(s) = Λίγου/Ολίγους (little, small, slight)

Thick = Paksu = Paku(s) = Παχύς

Wide/Expansive = Laaja, Avara = Platja, Avara, Faraa/Varda, = Πλατέα, Άβαρα, Φαρδιά

Thin/Skinny/Lightweight = Laiha, Harva = Lahra/Alaihaa, Haraa/Harvajaa = Αλαφρά, Αραιά

Beautiful = Kaunis = Kali(s)/Kalwi(s), Kaonii(s)/Kalwonii(s)/Kalunii(s) = Καλής, Καλλονής

Expensive = Kallis = Kallisto = Κάλλιστος (most beautiful/quality/noble)

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Ploosma poljon kaluniis = Nature is very beautiful
Avaruusseon auri, kuukle, starisma hja planeetes =
In space, there is the sun, moon, constellations, and planets
Hamaa hremplaneeteon aurithae = Earth is the third planet from the sun
Hamaa aurithaehrenuplaneete = Earth is the third planet from the sun
Poseidoonuravi sinimenon = Neptune’s color is blue
Ravi nu Poseidoon sinimenon = The color of Neptune is blue

Almasethulladus urokatoon = The wind in the air is under the sky
Rjokisewete thulla saalande lemmithae =
The water in the river comes to the sea from the lake

Kluklada aksvaa phutarjaemperikle = Flowers grow around the forest
Aksviaulehuveon hljonta = There is snow on the farm
Nomiion yvama ka lakos = The pasture is a highland and valley

Worismo isoo midi psiklaavaraa = The mountain range is big, because it’s tall and wide
Lihu, psikla, paku hja harvajaa voi na kalis poljon =
Short, tall, thick, and thin can be very beautiful

One thought on “Lesson 14: Nature / Ploosma

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