Color = Väri = Ravi = Γραφή (painting)

Colorful = Värikäs = Ravikaa = Γραφικά/Γραφικαίς (graphic, colorful)

Colorless = Väritön = Raviden/Araviton = -δεν (Finngreek negating suffix of -μεν), α- + -τον

Light (noun/adjective) = Valo = Phano = Φανός

Dark/Dim = Hämärä = (h)Amara(a)/Aemaerae(e) = Αμαυρά

Black = Musta= Muste(kaa) = Μύστης/Μυστικά (of shut eyes, mystical)

White = Valkea/Valko, Vaalean = Evālgea/Evālea(n), Lavko = Ευάγεια/Ευαγέα/Ευάλια, Λευκό

Gray = Auer (haze) + -inen = Aueerine = Αυήρ + -ινε

Gold = Kulta = Klutha = Χρυσά

Brown = Ruskea = Eruthkea, Ksurea = Ερυθρός/Ερυθρία, Ξύλεα/Ξυλεία (wood, timber)

Red = Puna(inen), Piros (Hung.) = Pura/Pyre/Piros/Pirroos = Πυρρά/Πυρραίν/Πυρίναιν

Pink = Vaaleanpunainen = Phanopura/Evaaleapura = Φανά+πυρρά

Orange = Purakedla/Kedlapura

Yellow = Kelta(inen) = Kedla = Κέδρο

Green = Vihreä = Vihree/Pikria, Wihera = Πικρέ/Πικρία, Ιός<*wihós

Cyan = Syaani = Ksyani = Κυανή

Blue = Sini(nen)/Sienestää = Sini(men) = Συνίεσθαι/Συνησθαι/Συνιέμενος/Συνημένος

Indigo = Syvän sininen = Thyvaksi/Thyvaeksi = Βαθύς/Βαθέα, Λουλάκι

Purple = Purppura (from Greek) = Purphuura = Πορφύρα

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The sourcing for “blue” is a very specific proposal, stemming from the mutual meaning of “gathering” in the infinitive verbs of each language – in the Finnish case, gathering mushrooms. Regarding the relationship I propose to the Finnish word for blue, it relates to boletes, which are a common type of mushroom in Finland. A general sign of toxicity in these mushrooms is that, when they are cut open, the exposed mushroom immediately turns a brilliant shade of blue. In the sense of “that which has been gathered”, these mushrooms would be noted (I suspect for the negativeness of their toxicity) for their blue colors. I believe mushrooms were a sought-after food item in these times, due to the semantic and phonological affinity of their verbs.

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Phano ravikaan = Light is colorful
Mustekaa ravidenon = Black is colorless
Ravi voi phanomenon toi hamaraa = Color can be light or dark
Mustekaa lavkoon aueerine = Black and white is gray
Phano ka pura phanopuraan = White and red is pink (Light and red is light-red)
Pura kedlakaa purakedlaa = Red and yellow is orange
Kedla sinimenkaa vihree on = Yellow and blue is green
Sini ka purphuura thyvaeksi on = Blue and purple is indigo



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