This lesson covers Finngreek pronouns, and how to form basic sentences with them.

I/me, my = Ma, mu
You, your = Sa, su
He/she/it, his/her/its = Ha, hu / Na, nu
(Additionally Hanoos and Hanii [he and she]; also 3rd person Handa, -[a]nda possessive ending)
We/us, our = Me, mes
You all, you all’s = Te, tes / Ste, stes
They, their = He, Hes / Ne, nes

I am = Am(a), Om(ae)
You are = As(a), Os(ae)
He/she/it is, They are = An(a), On(tae)
We are = Eme
You all are = Ete / Este

These words all come from a/ae/e/o, which means “to be”. This can be used by itself to express any pronoun situation when it is in context. We will discuss this later.

Happy = Idonimen, Onerimen
Sad = Lulimen/Sullupimen
Good = Ehyva(a)/Ehyvae/Eva(a)/Evae/Ehy/Ey/Eya/Ya, Hypae
Bad = Hondo
So-so = Tsi ka(a) tsi

And = Ka/Kaa, Hja/(H)jae
But = Muuna
Or = Toi

Yes = Kle
No = Den
Not = Den (dem before ‘m/p’)
Maybe = Iska, Voi

The = To/Ta (optional to use)

Now, let’s form our first Huva sentence!

I am good = Am ehyva.
I am good = Ehyvaam.

Due to the flexibility of the language, either word order is acceptable. In the case of the second order, Ehyvaam, the entire phrase is turned into a verb. ‘Ehyva’ is the root, and ‘-m’ is the suffix. Essentially, the word order is ‘good+am’: Ehyvaam/Evaam/Eyvaem/Hypaem, etc.

Let’s make some more sentences! Introducing Thirviio (elk) and Vanaisa (full of light)!

Thirviio: Thirviiom. Ka asa?
Thirviio: I am Thirviio. And you are?

Vanaisa: Vanaisam, jae Thirviios.
Vanaisa: I am Vanaisa, and you are Thirviio.

Thirviio: Hypaes?
Thirviio: How are you? (“Are you good?”)

Vanaisa: Kle! Eva kaa idonimenom. Onerimenos kaa?
Vanaisa: Yes! I am good and happy. And are you happy?

Thirviio: Den idonimenom, muuna tsi ka tsi… toi hondo.
Thirviio: I’m not happy, but so-so… or bad.

Vanaisa: Lulimenos? Iska an to ruhu.
Vanaisa: Are you sad? Maybe it is the rain.

Thirviio: Kle, voi na ruhu.
Thirviio: Yeah, maybe it is the rain.

The third-person pronouns were sourced from Arcadocypriot Άνδα and Finnish Hän.

Happy = Ilo(ni), Onnellinen= Idonimen, Onerimen = Ηδονή, Ονειρεμέν
Sad = Surullinen = Lulimen/Sullupimen= Λυπημένος, Συλλυπέω
Good = Hyvä = Ehyva(a)/Ehyvae/Eva(a)/Evae/Ehy/Ey/Eya/Ya, Hypae =
Ευαί/Ευάν/Εύα (A cry of joy for Dionysus), Ύπατος (best, highest)
Bad = Huono = Hondo, Hoondoo = Χονδρό
So-so = Niin ja näin = Tsi hja tsi/Tsi ka tsi = Έτσι κι έτσι

And = Ja, Kaa<Kanssa = Hja(e), Ka(a[ns]) = Και<*kasi (κασίγνητος)<*ḱm̥t-
But = Mutta = Muuna = Μούνα (‘only’ [Homeric/Ionic])
Or = Tai = Toi = Ήτοι

Yes = Kyllä = Kle = Ναι
Not = En = Den, dem = Δεν
Maybe = Ehkä, Voi olla (can be) = Iska/Iksa, Voi ([a]na) = Ίσως, Μπορεί να (can be)

The = Το/Ta (Greek neutral definite article; there is no Finnish definite article)

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s