Before we learn the sentence structure (syntax) of Finngreek, let’s start with a few examples of vocabulary. Words often have multiple forms, due to Hypervowels, which we will discuss in a later lesson. Different forms can also occur because of multiple source words from Greek. This lesson will help you begin to recognize the patterns of variety.

The Finngreek motto is Poikilia poikitse = Variety everywhere! This is central to the language.

Seasons:
Spring = Aksva
Summer = Kerse/Khersae/Kersa, Khersea/Kerseia/Khersia
Autumn = Synkausi/Synkovđi
Winter = Paga/Pagan/Pagas, Tele/Telej/Teli

Weather:
Sun = Auri/Αurino
Cloud = Nephiili/Nefelvi
Rain = Kata(a), Staze/Staazde
Storm = Thulla/Θulla

So we can write:
Autumn rain = Synkausistazde
Winter sun = Pagaauri/Pagāurino
Spring storm = Aksvathulla
Summer cloud = Kersenefelvi
Winter rain = Telekataa
Spring sun = Aksvaauri/Aksvāurino
Summer storm = Kerseθulla
Autumn cloud = Synkovđinephiili

Spacing is optional. I prefer not to use it, but “Synkausi stazde” is also correct.
_____________________________________________________________________________
Sources:
Spring = Kasvaa (to grow) = Aksva = Αύξω/Αυξάνω (to grow)
Summer = Kesä (summer, fallow) = Kerse = Χέρσε/-α (barren [land]), Χερσεία (uncultivated state)

Autumn/Harvest = Syksy/Syyskausi = Synkausi/Synkovđi =
Σύγκαυσις, Συγκομιδή, Σύξυλος, Συσκευασία, Συσκοτίζω
(While Syyskausi/Σύγκαυσι is the proposal, the medial -s-, and Syksy, may be influence from one or more of terms beginning with syn-/sys-/syks-, etc., with the included terms referring to semantics like ‘all the wood together’, ‘packing up/getting ready,’ and ‘to darken’).

Winter = Pakkanen/Pakkasien (frost, etc.), Talvi<*tälwä = Paga(-n/-s), Tele/Teli = Πάγος/Παγώνιες, Τέλη/Τέλε (end, result, completion, death). Compare Mari and Erzya ‘tele’, etc.

Sun = Aurinko = Auri(-no) = Αύριον (tomorrow), Αυρινός (of the morrow), Αύρη
Cloud = Pilvi (Hung. Felleg) = Nephiili/Nefelvi = Νεφέλη
Rain = Sade<Sataa = Kata(a), Staze/Staazde = (Κατα)στάζω/Στάζειν
Storm = Tulva (flood) = Thulla/Θylla = Θύελλα

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