Before we learn the sentence structure (syntax) of Finngreek, let’s start with a few examples of vocabulary. Words often have multiple forms, due to Hypervowels, which we will discuss in a later lesson. Different forms can also occur because of multiple source words from Greek. This lesson will help you begin to recognize the patterns of variety.

The Finngreek motto is Poikilia poikitse = Variety everywhere! This is central to the language.

Spring = Aksva
Summer = Kerse/Khersae/Kersa, Khersea/Kerseia/Khersia
Autumn = Synkausi/Synkovđi
Winter = Tele/Telei/Teli, Paga/Pagas/Pagan

Sun = Auri/Aurio(n)/Aurino
Cloud = Nephiili/Nefelvi/Pheli
Rain = Kata(a), Staze/Staazde, Ambre, Zale
Storm = Thulla/Θulla

So we can write:
Autumn rain = Synkausistazde
Winter sun = Pagaauri/Pagāurion
Spring storm = Aksvathulla
Summer cloud = Kersenefelvi
Winter rain = Telekataa
Spring sun = Aksvaauri/Aksvāurino
Summer storm = Kerseθulla
Autumn cloud = Synkovđinephiili

Spacing is optional. I prefer not to use it, but “Synkausi stazde” is also correct.
Spring = Kasvaa (to grow) = Aksva = Αύξω/Αυξάνω (to grow)
Summer = Kesä (summer, fallow) = Kerse = Χέρσε/-α (barren [land]), Χερσεία (uncultivated state)

Autumn/Harvest = Syksy/Syyskausi = Synkausi/Synkovđi, Syskausi =
Σύγκαυσι, Συγκομιδή, Σύξυλος, Συσκευασία, Συσκοτίζω, Σύς+καύση
(The actual proposal is with Syyskausi and Σύς+καύση, referring to a ‘pig roast’ of the Eleusinian rite every autumn, during the Greater Mysteries.)

Winter = Pakkas- (frost, etc.), Talvi<*tälwä = Paga(-n/-s), Tele/Teli =
Πάγος/Παγώνιες, Τέλη (end, result, completion, death). Compare Mari/Erzya Tele + Hung. Téli
Sun = Aurinko = Auri(-no) = Αύριον (tomorrow), Αυρινός (of the morrow), Αύρη
Cloud = Pilvi (Hung. Felleg) = Nephiili/Nefelvi = Νεφέλη
Rain = Kaataa, Sade<Sataa, Âbbʹre (Ter Sami) = Kata(a), Staze/Staazde, Ambre/Obre, Zale =
(Κατα)στάζω/Στάζειν, Όμβρε, Ζάλη
Storm = Tulva (flood) = Thulla/Θylla = Θύελλα

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